The complete guide to choosing your e-liquid
Vapoter is less risky than smoking. To successfully quit smoking with the electronic cigarette, the choice of e-liquid is very important. By definition simple, the e-liquid is the fuel of an electronic cigarette. It is a flavored blend, composed of several elements: food flavorings, propylene glycol, vegetable glycerine, water, alcohol .... Each e-liquid thus has its own flavor and provides different sensations depending on its composition. If you are a beginner, this article will explain in detail all the criteria to take into account when choosing your e-liquid.
Focus on the composition of an e-liquid
E-liquids have 3 main components: propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG) and aromas.
➢ Propylene glycol (PG): used as an emulsion in the food industry in preparation and seasoning and in cosmetics as a solvent. For e-liquids it plays a role of aroma driver: enhances the flavor of e-liquid and promotes the hit.
➢ Vegetable glycerin (VG): component responsible for the production of steam and provides a sweet taste to e-liquid. This transparent, viscous, colorless, odorless, nontoxic and sweet-tasting liquid is also present in some products (toothpaste, syrups, soap ...).
➢ Aromas: a component that gives flavor to e-liquid (fruity, gourmet, refreshing flavors or a fairly similar flavor of tobacco). They can be artificial or natural and produced with propylene glycol. To know that the rich sugar flavors can deteriorate the resistances. Moreover, gourmet e-liquids with a high concentration of flavors are more likely to rapidly degrade your resistance.
Other optional components of e-liquid:
Depending on the type and range of e-liquid, it can also other component that enhances the feelings of the vaper:
➢ Nicotine: it is considered additive and comes in liquid and pure form, is obtained by extraction of tobacco leaves. It is an alkaloid that, at low doses, has an effect
stimulant and is quickly eliminated by the body. The nicotine used for e-liquids meets very strict regulations and standards. The dosage of nicotine in an e-liquid is between 0mg / ml (without nicotine) up to 18mg / ml. It increases the heart rate as well as the blood pressure and is considered additive. Nicotine allows a nicotine supply in the case of cessation of tobacco so as not to feel lack and provides the "hit", which is the contraction of the throat when passing the steam simulating what you can feel with a cigarette, more or less strongly depending on the dosage.
➢ Demineralized water: allows fluidification in case of high concentration of Vegetable Glycerin. It thus makes the e-liquid more viscous.
➢ Alcohol: another component that also makes it possible to thin the e-liquid in case of concentration of glycerine. Just like the aroma, it is used as a flavor enhancer, promotes the hit. And homogenize the liquid. Very rarely, the combination of water and / or alcohol may exceed 5% e-liquid function.
E-liquid with nicotine salts: this type of optional component provides sensations closer to the conventional cigarette. E-liquids with nicotine salt are intended especially for smokers or vapo-smokers who do poorly in the weaning of cigarettes. The main advantage of this type of e-liquid is that it is less irritating to the throat and causes fewer coughing fits. In addition, with the e-liquid with nicotine salts, it is possible to use e-liquids with higher nicotine levels (close to 20 mg / ml) without feeling any discomfort. They therefore make it possible to fill the gap more quickly and are therefore more effective. If you want to reduce your daily cigarette consumption, this is the best option to choose. Namely that this type of e-liquid with nicotine salts must be used with a weak electronic cigarette and intended for indirect inhalation. The ideal is to combine them with a resistor whose value is greater than 1 ohm.
Good to know about the composition of the e-liquid:
- During the vape, the molecules of certain flavors can form (diacetyl or acetyl propionyl). According to a recent study, the presence of these components are not harmful to vaping, but at a certain amount and heat, this can become toxic accelerates the deterioration of resistance.
- Although the production of these components remains lower than that of the conventional cigarette, manufacturers must reduce the use of molecules potentially at risk. The manufacture of the e-liquid is framed by standard XP D-90-300 Part 2. The latter defines the list of problematic flavors.
Equivalence between e-liquid and cigarettes
How many cigarettes does a bottle of e-liquid correspond to? How long does a bottle of e-liquid last? These questions are often asked by beginner vapers in search of stability in their process of smoking cessation. It is difficult to give an exact figure of equivalence between e-liquid and cigarettes. We can only give an estimated value. Indeed, the consumption of e-liquid varies widely from the habit of each vaper: the duration, the frequency, the mode of inspirations or the material used. Moreover, the number of cigarettes consumed daily can allow you to get to know the daily dose of e-liquid needed. According to a recent survey of vapers: 2.25 ml of e-liquid corresponds to 1 pack of 20 cigarettes or a bottle of e-liquid of 10ml is equal to 4.5 packs of cigarettes. Depending on the spraying system used in your electronic cigarette, for a smoker who consumes 20 cigarettes a day, he needs a 10 ml bottle of liquid which will last on average between 4 and 5 days.
In any case, you should know that the first rule to be respected for successful smoking cessation is to be an exclusive vaper. So, it is strongly advised not to mix the consumption of cigarette and e-liquid. Moreover, according to experts, in most cases, exclusive vapers are more likely to successfully quit smoking, while vapers that associate the electronic cigarette with the ordinary cigarette become more and more dependent on tobacco.
E-liquid: choose according to the flavor
To each his taste! There are 5 different types of e-liquid flavors:
- fruity flavor;
- Menthol flavor;
- Gourmet flavor;
- Drink flavor;
- Tobacco flavor
An e-liquid flavor appreciated by some is not necessarily adored by others. No strict rule, it is you to test the flavor of e-liquid that suits you! Be attentive to your needs and desires. To take more pleasure, why not vary the flavors. Especially since there are a multitude of flavors of e-liquid: mint, tobacco, strawberry, peach or candy ... Of course, you will find the flavors that match you most.
E-liquid manufacturers try to satisfy the needs of novice vapers by creating e-liquid with a flavor as close as possible to that of tobacco. The flavor of some e-liquids without propylene glycol, VG e-liquids comes to mimic some of the characteristics of branded cigarettes. But, we must still know that the flavor of e-liquid will never be the same as those of the ordinary cigarette. The more you try new flavors, the more you will find the best perfume that suits you and gradually move away from ordinary cigarettes. For this, to avoid the recovery of the cigarette, it is advisable to test at least two different flavors of e-liquid.
• E-liquid fruity flavor: many choices are available to you: strawberry, lemon, peach pineapple, mix ... it will be impossible to recommend a particular perfume, but test to know if the flavor you like.
• E-liquid minty flavor: it brings a very pleasant freshness sensation. It is especially appreciated by former smokers who prefer menthol cigarettes.
• E-liquid gourmet flavor: ideal for those who like delicacies such as cakes and sweets.
• E-liquid tobacco flavor: if you are a beginner, this flavor can help you to successfully quit smoking because its taste is quite similar to tobacco. It's up to you to choose the aroma that suits you the most.
• E-liquid flavored beverage: the scent of this e-liquid mimics the flavors of beverages like cola, coffee, cocktail pina colada, mojito etc.
In most cases, beginner vapers begin smoking cessation with e-liquid tobacco flavor and then go, step by step, try the flavors beverage, fruity or greedy. After having tested a flavor of e-liquid during, it will be unpleasant for you to return to smoke ordinary cigarettes.
E-liquid: choose according to the rate of nicotine
The choice of nicotine is very important. What is important to understand: a low-nicotine e-liquid does not give you a hit, at low dose, it will not give you much sensation, in case of overdose it can affect your health. Thus, it is necessary to know the appropriate dosage of nicotine. Each vapoteur has a dose of nicotine! Above all, it's good to understand what the HIT is. This is the scratchy feeling you feel in your throat when you smoke. With an e-liquid without nicotine, your efforts will be useless, you will have the sensation of smoking something and not steam.
To know the dose of nicotine that suits you, some criteria must be taken into account: your habits of consumption of cigarettes, your way of steam, the material, your pleasure ... At each vapoteur its dose of nicotine. How to know if the dosage is appropriate? It is said that the rate of nicotine in your e-liquid is ideal when you will not feel the sensation of lack. A suitable dosage will bring you a nice hit.
To give you an idea of what you can eat, here's a quick overview of the ideal nicotine dosage:
• Nicotine dosages between 16-18 mg / ml or 10-12 mg / ml are suitable for heavy cigarette users (10 to 20 cigarettes / day).
• Nicotine dosages between 6 mg / ml and 3 mg / ml are intended for light or occasional smokers.
In a few months of consumption, vapers reduce their dosage of nicotine without feeling of lack. Certainly, under dosage is less harmful to health but cause the feeling of lack and tempts you to return to the conventional cigarette.
E-liquid: choose according to the proportion PG / VG
Propylene glycol (PG) is the aroma driver while vegetable glycerin (VG) allows the production of steam. To achieve the desired sensation, it is necessary to balance the proportion of these two components. Namely that the first component that is to say the propylene glycol (PG) has the role of optimizing the hit and the respect of flavors of liquids. And vegetable glycerine (VG) as for it allows to promote the production of steam e-liquid.
Depending on your needs and desires, here are some ideas for the proportion of PG / VG to suggest:
➢ 70% PG and 30% VG: Less volume of steam with a pronounced hit. This proportion is dedicated for novice and amateur vapers. You can find this type of dosage in the ready-to-use e-liquid.
➢ 20% PG and 80% VG: lower aroma restitution and a generous volume of steam with a sweet taste. If you are a big consumer, this is the ideal proportion.
➢ 50% PG and 50% PG: this is the ideal mixture to obtain a good balance of steam and aroma.
Other options are possible, but the rule remains the same: if the Vegetal Glycerin level is high, the e-liquid will be very viscous. In case the PG level is too high, you can use suitable atomizers. If the level of VG in e-liquid is too high, feeding the resistive wire responsible for the vaporization can be difficult. Therefore, to be able to vapot e-liquid with high capacity of VG it is necessary to have an atomizer.
Good to know about the dosage of e-liquid components:
What is the hit? This is the tingling sensation in the throat felt by smokers. This sensation is also obtained thanks to the nicotine level of e-liquid and propylene glycol. By balancing on these two components, it is quite possible to optimize the hit. As a reference, by consuming e-liquids with a higher propylene glycol level: 80% PG and 20% VG for the same dose of nicotine. Result: we get more hit than with e-liquid composed of 50% PG / 50% VG.
E-liquid: choose according to the rate of nicotine
The choice of nicotine level in the e-liquid should not be taken lightly. With each puff of conventional cigarette, there will be a large amount of nicotine introduced into the blood. The body absorbs nicotine very quickly. For nicotine containing in the e-liquid, the absorption of nicotine inhaled by the e-liquid is low. Namely that the nicotine in the e-liquid is 5 to 10 times lower than that of a conventional cigarette.
The higher the nicotine level of your e-liquid, the more the consumer can not feel in the throat, the "hit". Conversely, an e-liquid without nicotine, does not bring sensation in throat. Nicotine's role is therefore to provide the hit to consumers.
Nicotine also makes it possible to fill the gap felt by smokers during the first day of smoking cessation and first consumption of e-liquid. To successfully quit smoking, it is important to maintain the right dose of nicotine in the blood. Weaning is not done overnight, it takes time to get there. The consumption decreases little by little.
Regarding the dosage of e-liquid, it depends on your desire and felt. On the market, there are 4 levels of nicotine:
• Nicotine 0mg / ml:
If you are not very addicted to nicotine, it is advisable to opt for e- without nicotine with an e-liquid. In case of urgent need, you will have at your disposal an e-liquid with a "relief" nicotine level of 6 to 12 mg. Again, the lack of nicotine in the e-liquid does not provide a hit. But you can favor strong flavors such as frosty mint or mint-tobacco blends.
• Nicotine 6 mg / ml
For occasional smokers, the ideal is to opt for e-liquids with a nicotine level of 6 mg. In case of extreme need there will be an emergency e-liquid of 11 or 12 mg of nicotine.
• Nicotine 11-12 mg / ml
For smokers who do not take an average cigarette volume, an e-liquid of 11 and 12 mg / ml of nicotine is best suited. And not to mention, the 18 mg of nicotine relief.
• Nicotine 16-18 mg / ml
For heavy smokers, nicotine addicts, an e-liquid with a nicotine level between 16 and 18 mg / ml is ideal for you. All associated with a powerful electronic cigarette with variable voltage. Hit throat guaranteed for heavy smokers.
• And for non-smokers?
It is strongly discouraged to consume e-liquid contains nicotine if you are a non-smoker. In addition, the risk of addiction and overdose is very important for a non-smoker compared to a regular smoker.
But that's not all, to help you in your choice of dosing the components of your e-liquid, here are some factors to consider:
• The brand of cigarettes that you usually smoke
• Your daily cigarette consumption of cigarettes
• The type of equipment that you are used to using
• The type of e-liquid: PG / VG proportion and its aroma
• Your feeling during vaping, especially when going from steam to throat
To know the amount of nicotine that suits you best, it is quite possible to make simple calculation by referring to the nicotine level on cigarette packs.
• The nicotine level for conventional cigarettes is between 0.6 and 0.9mg
• For cigarette packs with a weak effect, the nicotine level is between, 3 and 0.6mg
• Classic menthol flavored cigarettes have a higher nicotine content than conventional packs.
For the calculation, it's simple: you have to multiply the number of cigarettes you smoke per day the nicotine dosage.
For example: if it is indicated on the cigarette pack 0.6mg of nicotine and you smoke 10 cigarettes a day, it gives: 10 x 0.6 = 6mg. So, here you go, the ideal nicotine dosage for you is 6mg.
Good to know: what are the effects of nicotine on the body?
Nicotine is a low dose stimulant that is easily removed by the body. But in high doses, it can become toxic and addictive in case of regular consumption. Therefore, the consumption of a nicotine e-liquid is dangerous for certain individuals: starting with the most fragile: pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, people at risk of cardiovascular disease and without forgetting the non smoking.
It should nevertheless be noted that excessive vaping or nicotine levels in your e-liquid can cause unpleasant sensations. As you already know, nicotine is a stimulant that can cause headaches, tachycardia, nervousness, sleep problems, etc. If any of these symptoms occur, stop using nicotine e-liquid immediately and consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Handling is a certain amount of nicotine can be dangerous. In case of subcutaneous contact, rinse immediately with water. If you have accidentally swallowed this component, it is strongly recommended that you go directly to the emergency hospital or call urgent numbers for that kind of poison control service nearest you. Finally, store the e-liquid in a secure place out of the reach of children.
E-liquid: choose according to the capacity of the bottle
On the market, there are many e-liquid bottle formats. From small to big: 10, 15, 20, 30, 50 and 100 ml
• Classic E-liquid bottle: varies between 10ml - 30ml
• E-liquid bottle large capacity: varies between 40 - 60 ml
• E-liquid bottle containing nicotine salts: varies between 50 - 100 ml
Depending on your vaping frequency, it is advisable to opt for saving money. Note that there are syringe flasks that can easily fill the electronic cigarette. Moreover, the 10 ml bottle is very convenient because it fits easily in your pocket or bag to recharge your e-cigarette when you're on the go.
Namely that e-liquid nicotine are mostly the most available models in this small format. This is because the European tobacco standard limits the capacity of e-liquids marketed. According to the European Tobacco Directive the rate of nicotine in the e-liquid should not exceed 20mg / ml, ie: a level between 0mg / ml-20mg / ml. D'aisles is the most commercialized bottle format for e-liquids.
To satisfy vapers and to save money, manufacturers offer several bottles of 10ml all notified: packs of 3x10ml or 5x10ml. If you want to measure your own rate of nicotine, it is better to opt for e-liquid in large bottles of 60ml filled with 40ml or 50ml base flavored without nicotine. As a case, you can acquire nicotine boosters to balance your own dose of nicotine.
Vaping technique and component dosing
Several factors can cause coughing or uncomfortable sensations to a burst of e-liquid. Not starting with the wrong technique of inspiration, a wrong dosage of the components or bad choice of flavor.
➢ Vape an electronic cigarette must be done with technique if you want to get a good feeling. For that, the inspirations of your e-cigarette must be done in a soft and slow way. If you make strong and fast inspirations, this can cause coughing.
➢ Another case that can cause coughing: the e-liquid in large amounts of propylene glycol can dry mucous membranes, increase the throat hit and thus promote coughing. In this situation, it is advisable to consume e-liquids with a dose of propylene glycol and more vegetable glycerin less important and that will bring you more roundness and softness when passing steam in the throat.
➢ If the level of the nicotine concentration is also high it can cause irritation of the mucous membranes. In this case, why not lower the nicotine level of your e-liquid.
➢ Otherwise, if you feel a sensation of lack, it is better to increase a little nicotine. For successful smoking cessation, you can increase nicotine levels a little later when your body is ready.
In any case, it is perfectly normal if you are not yet able to inhale the e-liquid properly. In this case, it is necessary to adopt the good technique to be able to take pleasure instantly. Here is the right technique to put into practice: the inspiration should be soft and slow ideally between 3 to 4 seconds, the time that the nicotine in the e-liquid enters your body. It is advisable to vapot regularly. To make the lack disappear gradually.
By dint of vape several times a day to advance your smoking cessation process, smokers become vapers and thus seek to regain the sensation of "hit" that they had with the cigarette. The more you adopt the right vaping technique, the more you will have the same tingling or squishiness in the throat felt when you suck the ordinary cigarette.
Another technique to enhance your e-cigarette experience. Why not discover and test several fragrances? By the way, if you use the same e-liquid flavors for a while, it can annoy your taste buds and you risk going back to smoking ordinary cigarettes.
Vary or mix several e-liquids to improve the hit: it is quite permissible to mix two different flavors of e-liquid. To discover more taste and more sensations, dare to mix your favorite perfumes. No rules to follow, you can prepare the mixture according to your and your desires. Several choices of mixing options are possible:
Mix a drink flavor with a minty flavor: feeling of freshness guaranteed!
Why not a gourmet flavor with a fruity flavor: a very interesting mix to test to make you forget his old classic cigarette.
For the determination of your components, try to discover several possible cases while respecting the right quantities: if the nicotine level of 12 mg / ml is too strong for you and 6 mg / ml too light. Why not mix the two bottles of e-liquid with an equal amount to obtain a dosage of 9 mg / ml.
The goal is simply to help you succeed in your quit smoking cessation efforts. Do not hesitate to ask the opinion of other vapers to share experience and to get support from your loved ones.
CAUTION: It is important to take into account the time of adaptation to the electronic cigarette. Indeed, the sensations in the throat are more direct than a traditional cigarette, so it is normal to cough initially. Allow a week or two before making a change in nicotine dosage or equipment.
E-liquid: the precautions of use
For the sake of the vapoteurs and for the good of its entourages, some notions and measures are to be taken into account. In this last part of the article, we give you all the details with regard to the precautions of use of the e-liquid: Shelf life, pictogram, the means to well preserve the e-liquid, the counter indications ...
➢ Understand what is the DLUO
This is the Best Use Limit Date for the e-liquid. The question arises: can we still use the e-liquid if the DLUO exceeded? Yes, but the e-liquid does not become harmful after this date but does not preserve its qualities:
➢ 3 years of use of glycerine and propylene 3 years.
➢ 5 years of age of nicotine
➢ Some flavors lose their fragrance after 12 to 18 months
Therefore, it is better to consume your e-liquid well before the date indicated. However, be aware that the appearance, scent and flavor of the e-liquid does not change even after the BBD. This tag should not be confused with DLC, which is the Consumption Deadline. At this deadline, the product should not be consumed, otherwise it can have serious consequences on the health of users.
➢ e-liquid pictogram:
You may be wondering why the skull pictogram is used on bottles of e-liquid while it is one of the effective alternatives to successful smoking cessation? The presence of this pictogram is explained by the fact that the e-liquid contains substances harmful to health: nicotine. The latter is diluted and high concentration can be deadly. In addition, since 2015 the liquid packaging in France must meet the AFNOR XP D90-300-2 standard. The use of pictograms meets the precautionary principle mainly for the presence of nicotine. This substance is especially harmful in the case of a significant ingestion. It is necessary to use gloves to handle such a substance because it is also transdermal and therefore absorbable by the skin.
➢ Keep your e-liquid
To maintain its quality and fragrance, the e-liquid must be stored in suitable places:
➢ Protect from light
➢ Keep in a dry place at room temperature (between 18 ° and 20 ° C)
➢ Keep out of reach of children
Can I store the e-liquid in the refrigerator? No, this storage mode is strongly discouraged. This is because some e-liquids are subject to crystallization at a temperature below 10 ° C. However, natural flavors can be kept in a cooler place, ideally between 14 ° C and 18 ° C. It is also preferable to use the e-liquid in the month following the opening to guarantee its freshness. After each use, the bottle is closed to prevent air contact. If these conditions of use are well respected, the quality and the perfume of your liquid will be well preserved. If you have just refilled your electronic cigarette, this must be consumed within 1 week after filling because the air contact is important in this type of tank and the e-liquid is quickly oxidized. This means pouring the right amount of e-liquid into your electronic cigarette. Take into account your daily use and your frequency of use to measure it.
Counters e-liquid indication
Just like other products, not everyone can consume the e-liquid.
➢ Not suitable for people allergic to nicotine, propylene glycol;
➢ Highly discouraged for pregnant women;
➢ Not suitable for people with cardiovascular and respiratory risks;
➢ And of course to children of low ages and minors;
If you have noticed abnormal signs, it is best to consult a health professional. That the High Council of Public Health has updated the recommendations this year to this effect. That said: the e-cigarette can be used as a smoking cessation aid and is a tool for reducing the risks of smoking. However, "the debate remains open" for consumers who still continue to take the cigarette at the same time with the e-liquid. According to the 2014 Health Statistics of the National Institute of Prevention and Health Education, cigarette consumption is much less common for smokers who use an electronic cigarette.
Preserve the environment
To conserve the environment, used e-liquid bottles should not be thrown away. Several options are available to you to throw your bottles of e-liquid:
➢ Discard with other household plastic waste
➢ Go through a specialized recycling stream
➢ Return the used bottles to the manufacturers to obtain a voucher in return
➢ Reuse your bottles
After its use, you can wash your bottles of e-liquid to mix several flavor of liquid. But that's not all, you can also use it for your own homemade preparations.
Here you have understood, the choice of your e-liquid should not be random. Do not refer to other consumers. An e-liquid that adapts to your co-worker is not necessarily adapted to your needs. If you are really decided to stop smoking, the electronic cigarette with the right e-liquid are good alternatives. Do not be tempted to mix the two, otherwise you will aggravate the situation, you will be more and more addicted to nicotine. We must take into account all the elements necessary to successfully quit smoking in good conditions. However, weaning does not happen overnight, your daily efforts, even small, are important.